Within analysis, quantitative details are displayed when it comes to suggest and standard departure and you can stratified parameters with respect to wide variety and percent. T-test was utilized to compare the brand new setting and you can logistic regression investigation was utilized to check new independent variables for the postpartum depression. 05.
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced lesbian dating in Phoenix the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The information and knowledge connected with a portion of the variables plus prepregnancy weights, bmi, the second and you will third trimester weight gain, and type and you can full putting on weight during pregnancy had been and mathematically examined. Determine them, brand new mathematical take to away from logistic regression was utilized and there is a life threatening dating between anxiety and you can weight gain of one’s 3rd trimester (Or = 1.17).
Depending on the quantity required by IOM getting normal and obese women that are pregnant, pounds alter have been put into step 3 organizations: ineffective, enough, and you may way too much, and its own reference to despair was examined from the logistic regression test and therefore failed to tell you any high dating (Dining table dos). Just like the income try somewhat other between disheartened and you can nondepressed organizations, the relationship ranging from despair as well as weight variables was remeasured that have changed aftereffect of earnings and you will once again only the 3rd trimester pounds gain had significant connection with anxiety as a result of the effect of money (Otherwise step 1.17, 95%CI step 1.04-1.32) (Dining table 3).
While the shown in the modern research, there’s zero relationship anywhere between 1st pounds and you may initial Bmi as the better as the type of Bmi (regular otherwise over weight) and PPD. Proof showed that ladies in gestational period is located at the better threat of depression and you will studies have shown a love between being obese and you can despair inside expecting and you can nonpregnant ladies and you will determined that around is actually an amount-response matchmaking within increase in primary Body mass index plus the improved danger of despair during pregnancy and you may postpartum .
In the present study, 33% regarding parents with normal Body mass index and you may 30.4% regarding heavy women that are pregnant got achievements out of PPD examination, even though the two communities did not have a big change into the postpartum despair.
In keeping with our results, LaCoursiere (2006) indicated that the latest frequency out of PPD episodes in females that have regular Body mass index try twenty-two.8 ± 1.2% also it was 31.8% ± 2.5% for the over weight ladies in a fresh data, among 245 pregnant women with normal weight while pregnant, eight.8% about 6-2 months after birth got despair . We hypothesized that the way more Body mass index early in pregnancy is, more possibly the mommy should be to feel PPD but the information didn’t keep the theory. Fox and you will Yamaguchi (1997) concluded that in comparison to prepregnancy typical weight girls, overweight girls have been very likely to possess positive have a look at regarding their system image and you may gaining weight while pregnant in addition to costs of experience PPD was comparable for the one or two teams .